The UK economy will be plunged into recession for more than a year this autumn as rising energy prices push inflation above 13%, the Bank of England has warned.
In a bleak outlook for consumers and business, the bank forecast five quarters of economic contraction and a 5% fall in real-terms living standards, and increased interest rates by 0.5 percentage points, the largest single rise in 27 years.
The bank’s baseline forecast is for GDP to fall by 1.25% in 2023 and 0.25% in 2024, the first instance of two years of annual economic contraction since the 1960s.
The interest rate increase will add around £650 to annual repayments for those with an average tracker mortgage. The increase in monthly tracker repayments for homeowners since rates began rising from a low of 0.1% last December is around £170.
The inflation rate, the highest since September 1980, is being driven by the rising cost of wholesale gas on international markets, which has doubled since May and is on course to treble domestic energy bills.